Region: South Central
Area: 1,256 km2
Ethnicities: Kinh, Hoa, Cotu
|Calling code: 0511 |
|Town and Districts|
|Districts: Hai Chau, Thanh Khe, Son Tra, Ngu Hanh Son, Lien Chieu, Cam Le.Rural districts: Hoa Vang, Hoang Sa |
|General Information |
|Danang City is located in middle of Central Vietnam, between latitudes 15055' and 16014'N. and longitudes 107018' and 108020'E. Danang City borders Thua Thien - Hue Province to the north, Quang Nam Province to the south and west, and looks out on the Eastern Sea to the east.|
Danang City is in the middle of the country on the north - south road, rail, sea and air routes. It is 764km south of Hanoi Capital and 964km north of Ho Chi Minh City. In addition, Danang is in the central point of the three well -known world cultural heritages, including Hue ancient capital, Hoian ancient town and My Son holyland.
On the regional and international scale, Danang is considered one of the important gateways of the Central Highlands of Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand and Myanmar to the sea and Northeast Asian nations via the East-West Economic Corridor linking Tien Sa Seaport as an ending point. Situated in one of the international sea and air routes, Danang City has a very advantageous geographic location for quick and sustainable socio-economic development.
In the middle of the 16th century, when Hoi An was a busy center of the south, Danang was only a small port for goods in transit and ship repair. It gradually developed into a commercial port replacing Hoi An in the early 18th century, when European shipbuilding was improved and large deep draught vessels could easily enter Danang Bay.
In 1835, after King Minh Mang ordered: “European vessels are not allowed to anchor to do trade at any harbours except for Han Port", Danang became the largest commercial port in the central region. The local small-scale industries, including shipbuilding, preliminary processing of agricultural, forestry and fishery products, and trade, services prospered accordingly.
The French colonists, after establishing their domination of the whole of Vietnam in 1889, separated Danang from Quang Nam Province and renamed the city Tourane and under the control of the Governor General of Indochina.
In the early 20th century, Tourane was developed on a European model, which focused on social infrastructure and manufacture technology. Many kinds of economic activity took shape and thrived, such as agricultural production, small-scale industries, export product procesing (tea, food, beverages, ice, alcohol, fish sauce, dried fish), ship building and repair, and services. Together with Hai Phong and Sai Gon, Tourane became an important trading center of the country.
In 1950, French gave the authority over the city to the Bao Dai government. In March 1965, American marine units landed and started to set up a big military complex. The city was defined as a centrally governed city in 1967, and accordingly American troops and the Saigon government built up Danang into a political, military and cultural center of the 1st and 2nd tactical zones. Military bases and such infrastructure as the airport, ports, warehouses, roads, public works, communication stations, and banks were constructed. Industries flourished, resulting in the substitution by industrial zones of handicraft workshops. For example, Hoa Khanh Industrial Zone was used for oxygen, acetylene and detergent production, grind and textiles industries. However, the devastating war made thousands of rural people flee in refugee camps. Urban slums appeared, social evils increased and production came to a standstill.
In 1975, after gaining complete independence, Danang (temporarily under Quang Nam - Da Nang Province) began to overcome the war’s severe consequences. Regardless of difficulties, the city’s rehabilitation and development had some results, especially after the renovation in 1986.
On 6 July 1996, the tenth session of the 9th National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam passed a Resolution separating Quang Nam - Danang Province into Quang Nam Province and Danang city, which was directly responsible to the central government. The new city of Danang consisted of the previous Danang, Hoa Vang Rural District and Hoang Sa Island District.
Danang City has an area of 1,255.53 square kilometers. Mountains and hills cover most of the territory including Hoang Sa Island district with an area of 305 square kilometers. There are various kinds of soil including sand dunes, white, saline, aluminous, alluvium, arid brown, brown, black, basaltic and humus basaltic. Alluvium on the coastal plains is suitable for rice, vegetable and flower cultivation while basaltic land in mountainous areas is used for long-term cash crops, special crops, medicinal plants, cattle raising and is stable for construction.
Of 67,148 hectares of the city’s forest land, most are in the west and northwest, consisting of the three following types:
The specialised forests is 22,745 hectares with 15,933 hectares of forest land. The protective forests: 20,895 hectares with 17,468 hectares of forest land. The productive forests: 23,508 hectares with 18,176 hectares of forest land.
Most of these are in the west of Hoa Vang District. The others are scattered in the districts of Lien Chieu, Son Tra, and Ngu Hanh Son. The rate of coverage is 49.6% and the timber capacity is three million m3. Although Danang forests are largely on sloping and complex terrain, they contribute much to the city’s economic and tourism development, scientific research and ecological protection. Danang is endowed with some specific natural conservation areas such as Ba Na, Son Tra and Southern Hai Van.
Sea and Coastline
Danang City has a 30km coastline and Danang Bay is protected by Hai Van Pass and Son Tra Peninsula. These conditions along with deep water are favorable for building large and functional ports. Being on international water routes, Danang has many advantages to develop maritime transportation. Danang Bay is also a safe shelter for high-capacity vessels in case of storms.
The 15,000 km2 fishery area has 266 species of marine animals. 16 of these have high economic value including 11 species of shrimp, 2 of cuttlefish and 3 of seaweed. The total capacity of seafood estimated by the Ministry of Aquaculture is 1,136,000 tons, which can be mostly found in waters with depths of 50 - 200m (48.1%), 50m (31%) and over 200m (20.6%). More than 150,000-200,000 tons of seafood are exploited a year.
A long coastline with many beautiful beaches such as Non Nuoc, My Khe, Thanh Khe, Nam O and large coral reefs around Son Tra Peninsula are among the advantages for the marine economy and tourism development.
Rivers and Lakes
With headwaters in the west and northwest of the city and Quang Nam Province, most of the local rivers are short and sloping. There are two main ones. The Han River with a length of 204km and a basin of 5,180km2 and the Cu De River (38km and 426km2 respectively). Among the others are the Yen, Chu Bai, Vinh Dien, Tuy Loan, and Phu Loc rivers. There are more than 546 hectares of water surface that can be developed for aquaculture, raising grouper, salmon, cam fish, prawn and lobster.